THE BEGINNING OF VINEYARD PLANTATIONS IN THE CUYO REGION
Vineyards and olive trees were planted early on, during the colonization of America. Vineyards covered almost the entire territory of Argentina and Paraguay nowadays, but were mostly located in valleys and oasis on plains. For the region of San Juan and Mendoza, vines constituted the center of their economy. In both provinces, vineyards were introduced from Chile or Santiago del Estero and became the center of their economy in the early XVII century. The industry grew to become the region’s predominant activity.
In San Juan, the beginnings were similar to those in Mendoza: they took place after the colonization, during the XVIII and XIX centuries. The owners of vineyard plantations were an urban elite. This wealthy section of society was devoted to economic activities like agriculture, commerce and transport, all of them linked to the wine industry.